Jun’yō (“Peregrine Falcon”) was a Hiyō-class aircraft carrier of the
Imperial Japanese Navy. She was laid down as the passenger liner
Kashiwara Maru, but was purchased by the navy in 1941 while still under
construction and converted into an aircraft carrier. Launched on 26 June
1941 and completed in May 1942, the ship participated in the Aleutian
Islands Campaign the following month and in several battles of the
Guadalcanal Campaign later in the year. Her aircraft were used from land
bases during battles in the New Guinea and Solomon Islands Campaigns.
Jun’yō was torpedoed in November 1943 and spent three months under
repair. She was damaged by several bombs during the Battle of the
Philippine Sea in mid-1944, but quickly returned to service. Lacking
aircraft, she was used as a transport in late 1944 and was torpedoed
again in December. Jun’yō was under repair until March 1945, when work
was cancelled as uneconomical. She was then effectively hulked for the
rest of the war. After the surrender of Japan in September, the
Americans also decided that she was not worth the cost to make her
serviceable for use as a repatriation ship, and she was broken up in
1946 and 1947.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
War of Jenkins’ Ear: A Spanish column of 300 regular troops,
free black militia and Indian auxiliaries stormed Britain’s
strategically crucial position of Fort Mose in Spanish Florida.
French chemist Henri Moissan reported he was able to
successfully isolate elemental fluorine, for which he later won the
Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Organised by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, among others,
Bolshevik revolutionaries in Tiflis, Georgia, robbed a bank stagecoach,
getting away with 341,000 rubles.
The Grumman F6F Hellcat made its first flight, and went on to
become the United States Navy’s dominant fighter in the second part of
World War II.
Irish crime reporter Veronica Guerin was murdered while she was
stopped at a traffic light, an event which helped establish Ireland’s
Criminal Assets Bureau.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
[…] Of, from, or characteristic of the reigns of Kings George I and
George II of Great Britain, and George III and George IV of the United
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Nature loves to hide her secrets, and she does not suffer the
hidden truth about the essential nature of the gods to be flung in naked
words to the ears of the profane.
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