[Daily article] April 8: Calostoma cinnabarinum

Calostoma cinnabarinum is a species of gasteroid fungus in the family
Sclerodermataceae. Commonly called the stalked puffball-in-aspic or
gelatinous stalked puffball, it is the species most commonly associated
with genus Calostoma. The fruit body has a layer of yellowish jelly
surrounding a spherical bright red head atop a spongy red or yellowish
brown stalk. The innermost layer of the head, called the gleba, contains
clear or slightly yellowish elliptical spores. The spore surface
features a pattern of small pits, producing a net-like appearance. In
eastern North America, Central America, northeastern South America, and
East Asia, it grows on the ground in deciduous forests, where it forms a
symbiotic relationship with oak roots. Despite its appearance and common
name, C. cinnabarinum is not related to some other stalked puffballs,
true puffballs, earthstars, or stinkhorns, though during its complex
taxonomic history it has at various times been confused with each of
those groups. It is typically considered inedible, but is eaten or used
in folk medicine in some areas.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:

1271:

The Knights Hospitaller surrendered the Krak des Chevaliers to
the army of the Mamluk sultan Baibars.

1341:

Italian scholar and poet Petrarch took the title poet laureate
at a ceremony in Rome.

1864:

American Civil War: A decisive Confederate victory in the
Battle of Mansfield stopped the advance of the Union Army’s Red River
Campaign.

1911:

Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovered
superconductivity.

2008:

The wind turbines at the Bahrain World Trade Center, the first
building to incorporate turbines into its design, became operational.

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Wiktionary’s word of the day:

mar:
To spoil, to damage.

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Wikiquote quote of the day:

  One of these days when the air clears up And the sun comes shining
through We’ll all be drinking free bubble up And eating some rainbow
stew.  
–Merle Haggard

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