[Daily article] April 18: William O’Connell Bradley

William O’Connell Bradley (1847–1914) was the 32nd Governor of
Kentucky and a U.S. senator. The first Republican to serve as governor
of the state, he became known as the father of the Republican Party in
Kentucky. After a well-received speech seconding the presidential
nomination of Ulysses S. Grant at the 1880 Republican National
Convention, he was nominated for governor in 1887. He lost the general
election that year, but won in 1895, capitalizing on divisions in the
Democratic Party over the issue of free silver. His term was marked by
political struggles and violence. He advanced the status of black
citizens, but was unable to enact much of his reform agenda over a
hostile Democratic majority. He was elected by the state legislature to
the U.S. Senate in 1907, when voting was deadlocked and the Democratic
candidate, outgoing Governor J. C. W. Beckham, refused to withdraw in
favor of a compromise candidate. Bradley’s opposition to Prohibition
made him palatable to some Democratic legislators, and after two months
of balloting, four of them crossed party lines to elect him. His career
in the Senate was largely undistinguished.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:


Construction of the current St. Peter’s Basilica (interior
pictured) in Vatican City, to replace the old basilica built in the 4th
century, began.


Provincial militia and citizens gathered in Boston, and
arrested officials of the Dominion of New England.


Mexican–American War: Winfield Scott’s United States troops
out-flanked and drove Santa Anna’s larger Mexican army from a strong
defensive position in the Battle of Cerro Gordo.


Superman, created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, made his
debut in Action Comics #1, the first true superhero comic book.


Israeli forces shelled Qana, Lebanon, during Operation Grapes
of Wrath, killing more than 100 civilians and injuring more than 110
others at a UN compound.

Wiktionary’s word of the day:

coffee klatch:
A social gathering for conversation while drinking coffee.

Wikiquote quote of the day:

  Every book, remember, is dead until a reader activates it by
reading. Every time that you read you are walking among the dead, and,
if you are listening, you just might hear prophecies.  
–Kathy Acker

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