[Daily article] July 20: Format of Sesame Street

Sesame Street’s format includes skits featuring Jim Henson’s Muppets as
well as animation and short films to help its preschool audience prepare
for school. An American children’s television program, it uses music,
humor, and sustained action to capture young viewers’ attention.
Premiering in 1969, it was the first television show to base its
contents and production values on laboratory and scientific research,
and the first to base its curriculum on what its researchers termed
“measurable outcomes”. It was also the first to use an authentic inner-
city street and neighborhood setting for a children’s program. The
producers switched in 1998 from a magazine-based structure to a more
narrative format after the show’s ratings dominance was challenged by
programs such as Barney and Friends and Blue’s Clues. The popular
fifteen-minute segment “Elmo’s World”, hosted by the Muppet Elmo, was
added the same year to make the show more accessible to a younger
audience. The new format was expanded to the entire show in 2002.

Read more:

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Today’s selected anniversaries:

1592:

During the first Japanese invasion of Korea, Japanese forces
led by Toyotomi Hideyoshi captured Pyongyang, although they were
ultimately unable to hold it.

1779:

Tekle Giyorgis I began the first of his six reigns as Emperor
of Ethiopia.

1936:

The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits was
signed in Montreux, Switzerland, allowing Turkey to fortify the
Dardanelles and the Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of
all nations in peacetime.

1976:

The Viking 1 lander became the first spacecraft to successfully
land on Mars and perform its mission.

2012:

Gunman James Eagan Holmes opened fire at a movie theater in
Aurora, Colorado, US, killing 12 people and injuring 58 others.

_____________________________
Wiktionary’s word of the day:

Earth-grazing:
1. (astronomy) (About a meteoroid) Entering the Earth’s atmosphere and
leaving into space again.
2. (astronomy) Approaching the Earth closely.

___________________________
Wikiquote quote of the day:

  Nobody climbs mountains for scientific reasons. Science is used to
raise money for the expeditions, but you really climb for the hell of
it.  
–Edmund Hillary

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