[Daily article] July 28: Horace Greeley

Horace Greeley (1811–1872) was editor of the New-York Tribune, as well
as the Democratic and Liberal Republican candidate in the 1872 U.S.
presidential election. Born to a poor family in New Hampshire, Greeley
in 1831 went to New York City to seek his fortune. He lived there the
rest of his life, but also spent much time at his farm in Chappaqua. In
1841, he founded the Tribune, which became the highest-circulating
newspaper in the country. He urged the settlement of the American West,
popularizing the phrase “Go West, young man, and grow up with the
country”, though it is uncertain if he invented it. Greeley was briefly
a Whig congressman from New York, and helped found the Republican Party
in 1854. When the Civil War broke out, he mostly supported President
Abraham Lincoln, and urged the end of slavery. Greeley ran in 1872 in an
attempt to unseat President Ulysses Grant, whose administration he
deemed corrupt, but lost in a landslide. Devastated at the defeat, he
died three weeks after Election Day.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:

1821:

Peruvian War of Independence: Argentine general José de San
Martín declared the independence of Peru from Spain.

1866:

At the age of 18, Vinnie Ream became the youngest artist and
first woman to receive a commission from the United States government
for a statue—that of Abraham Lincoln in the US Capitol rotunda.

1915:

US Marines landed at Port-au-Prince to begin a 20-year
occupation of Haiti.

1932:

US President Herbert Hoover ordered the eviction of the “Bonus
Army”—a group of veterans who were occupying government property to
demand immediate payment for money owed.

2001:

At the World Aquatics Championships in Fukuoka, Japan,
Australian Ian Thorpe became the first swimmer to win six gold medals at
a single World Championships.

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Wiktionary’s word of the day:

brazen:
1. (archaic) Pertaining to, made of, or resembling brass (in color or
strength).
2. Sounding harsh and loud, like brass cymbals or brass instruments.
3. (archaic) Extremely strong; impenetrable.
4. Shamelessly shocking and offensive; impudent; barefaced; immodest; or
unblushing.

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Wikiquote quote of the day:

  The deep desire to inspire people, to take an active part in the
life of the country … attracts our best people to political life …
We should all do something to right the wrongs that we see and not just
complain about them. We owe that to our country.  
–Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

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