Hurricane Nora was the fourteenth named tropical cyclone and seventh
hurricane of the 1997 Pacific hurricane season, and only the third
tropical storm on record to reach Arizona. Forming on September 16 off
the Pacific coast of Mexico, the storm was aided by waters warmed by El
Niño, and eventually peaked at Category 4 intensity on the Saffir-
Simpson Hurricane Scale. It made its first landfall as a hurricane in
central Baja California; later the same day, it became one of the few
hurricanes to make a landfall in northern Baja. The storm was blamed for
two direct casualties in Mexico, as well as substantial beach erosion on
the Mexican coast and flash flooding in Baja. Although Nora weakened
quickly after landfall, its remnants lashed the Southwestern United
States with tropical-storm-force winds, torrential rain, and flooding.
Arizona received record precipitation. The remnants persisted far
inland, dissipating near the Arizona–Nevada border, although near-
hurricane-force winds were observed as far north as Cedar City, Utah.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
American Revolutionary War: On hearing the British troops
sounding their bugles as if it were a fox hunt, the American colonists
held their ground and were victorious at the Battle of Harlem Heights in
present-day New York City.
World War II: Italy captured the town of Sidi Barrani, but its
invasion of Egypt progressed no further.
Typhoon Nancy (radar image pictured), with possibly the
strongest winds ever measured in a tropical cyclone, made initial
landfall in Muroto, Kōchi, Japan.
A Lebanese militia under the direct command of Elie Hobeika
carried out a massacre in the Palestinian refugee camp of Sabra and
Shatila, killing at least 700 civilians.
The British government lifted its ban that prevented Sinn Féin
and several Irish republican and loyalist groups from being broadcast on
television and radio.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
One who drinks (alcoholic beverages) with another; a fellow drinker.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Heart of my heart, we are one with the wind, One with the clouds
that are whirled o’er the lea, One in many, O broken and blind, One as
the waves are at one with the sea! Ay! when life seems scattered apart,
Darkens, ends as a tale that is told, One, we are one, O heart of my
heart, One, still one, while the world grows old.
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