SMS Körös was the first of the Körös-class river monitors built for
the Austro-Hungarian Navy and completed in 1892. As part of the Danube
Flotilla during World War I, the ship fought various Allied forces from
Belgrade down the Danube to the Black Sea. Renamed Morava after the war,
she was transferred to the newly created Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and
Slovenes (later Yugoslavia), and remained in service throughout the
interwar period, although not always in full commission. During the
German-led Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, Morava was the
flagship of the 2nd Mine Barrage Division, operating on the Tisza river.
The river monitor fought off attacks by the Luftwaffe and shot down one
enemy aircraft, but was forced to withdraw to Belgrade. High river
levels and low bridges made navigation difficult, and the ship was
scuttled by the crew on 11 April. She was later raised by the navy of
the Axis puppet state of Croatia and continued to serve as Bosna until
striking a mine and sinking in June 1944.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
William the Conqueror and his fleet of around 600 ships landed
at Pevensey, Sussex, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
The Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire from
Spain was drafted in the National Palace in Mexico City.
Philippine–American War: Filipino guerrillas killed more than
forty American soldiers in a surprise attack in the town of Balangiga on
The short-lived Drama uprising against the Bulgarian occupation
in northern Greece began.
A protest held by 50,000 people in Conakry, Guinea, was
forcefully disrupted by the military junta, resulting in at least 157
deaths and over 1,200 injuries.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
The amendment to the constitution of the United States pertaining to
freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom of the press.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
It is by character and not by intellect the world is won.
–Evelyn Beatrice Hall
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