[Daily article] October 5: Jarrow March

The Jarrow March (5–31 October 1936) was a protest against the
unemployment and poverty suffered in the Tyneside town of Jarrow,
England, during the 1930s. Around 200 men marched from Jarrow to London
to petition the British government, requesting the re-establishment of
industry in the town following the closure in 1934 of Palmer’s shipyard.
Palmer’s had seen the launching of more than 1,000 ships since 1852. In
the 1920s, a combination of mismanagement and changed world trade
conditions brought a decline which led to the yard’s closure. When plans
for its replacement by a modern steelworks plant were thwarted, the lack
of any prospect of large-scale employment in the town led the borough
council to organise the march on London to present their case to the
government. The petition was received by the House of Commons but not
debated, and the march produced few immediate results. The Jarrovians
went home believing that they had failed. Nevertheless, in subsequent
years the Jarrow March became recognised by historians as a defining
event of the 1930s and helped to prepare the way for widespread social
reform after the Second World War.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:

610:

Heraclius was crowned Byzantine Emperor, having personally
beheaded the previous emperor Phocas.

1789:

French Revolution: Upset about the high price and scarcity of
bread, thousands of Parisian women and their various allies marched on
the royal palace at Versailles.

1936:

Around 200 men marched from Jarrow to London, carrying a
petition to the British government requesting the re-establishment of
industry in the town.

1948:

The International Union for Conservation of Nature was founded
at a congress sponsored by UNESCO director Julian Huxley in
Fontainebleau, France.

1999:

Two trains collided head-on at Ladbroke Grove, London, killing
31 passengers and severely damaging public confidence in the management
and regulation of safety of Britain’s privatised railway system.

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Wiktionary’s word of the day:

tutelary:
1. Having guardianship or protection.
2. Of or pertaining to guardians.
3. Having the qualities of a tutor.

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Wikiquote quote of the day:

  We are not here alone nor for ourselves alone … we are an
integral part of higher, mysterious entities against whom it is not
advisable to blaspheme. This forgotten awareness is encoded in all
religions. All cultures anticipate it in various forms. It is one of the
things that form the basis of man’s understanding of himself, of his
place in the world, and ultimately of the world as such.  
–Václav Havel

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