William McKinley’s campaign for US president was successful, defeating
William Jennings Bryan, who was both the Democratic and Populist
nominee, on November 3, 1896. McKinley, a former Governor of Ohio,
refused to deal with eastern bosses such as Thomas Platt and Matthew
Quay, who supported favorite son candidates to run against him for the
Republican nomination. The large, efficient McKinley organization, run
by his friend and political manager Mark Hanna, swept him to a first
ballot victory at the 1896 Republican National Convention, with New
Jersey’s Garret Hobart as his running mate. McKinley intended to run
mainly as a protectionist, but free silver became the issue of the day.
After Bryan captured the Democratic nomination as a foe of the gold
standard, Hanna raised and spent millions to convince voters that free
silver would be harmful. McKinley stayed at home in Canton, Ohio,
running a front porch campaign that reached millions through press
coverage of his speeches, while Bryan toured the nation by rail.
McKinley forged an electoral coalition of the well-to-do, urban
dwellers, and prosperous farmers that kept the Republicans in power most
of the time until 1932.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
The English Parliament passed the first Act of Supremacy,
making King Henry VIII head of the Anglican Church, supplanting the pope
and the Roman Catholic Church.
A new constitution drafted by Johan Rudolph Thorbecke was
proclaimed, severely limiting the powers of the Monarchy of the
After several months of military stalemate between French and
British forces in Fashoda (now in South Sudan), the French withdrew,
ending the Fashoda Incident.
In the midst of the Suez Crisis, during an invasion of the Gaza
Strip, Israeli soldiers shot dead hundreds of Palestinian refugees and
local inhabitants in Khan Yunis.
Abdullah Çatlı, a drug trafficker, a contract killer, and a
leader of the ultra-nationalist Nationalist Movement Party, was killed
in a car crash near Susurluk, Balıkesir Province, Turkey, sparking the
Susurluk scandal which exposed the depth of the state’s complicity in
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
(rare, political science) The study of political parties.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
If “freedom” means, first of all, the responsibility of every
individual for the rational determination of his own personal,
professional and social existence, then there is no greater fear than
that of the establishment of general freedom. Without a thoroughgoing
solution of this problem there never will be a peace lasting longer than
one or two generations. To solve this problem on a social scale, it will
take more thinking, more honesty and decency, more conscientiousness,
more economic, social and educational changes in social mass living than
all the efforts made in previous and future wars and post-war
reconstruction programs taken together.
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