[Daily article] November 8: HMS Collingwood (1908)

HMS Collingwood was a St Vincent-class dreadnought battleship built for
the British Royal Navy in the first decade of the 20th century. Launched
on 7 November 1908 and commissioned in April 1910, the ship was equipped
with armour 10 inches (254 mm) thick, and ten 12-inch guns. She served
in the Home Fleet and Grand Fleet, at times as the flagship of Rear-
Admiral Ernest Gaunt. Prince Albert (later King George VI) spent several
years aboard the ship before and during World War I. At the Battle of
Jutland in 1916, the largest naval battle of the war, Collingwood was in
the middle of the battleline; she did some damage to the German
battlecruiser SMS Derfflinger, and shelled the light cruiser
SMS Wiesbaden. Apart from that battle and the inconclusive Action of 19
August, her service during the war generally consisted of routine
patrols and training in the North Sea. The ship was deemed obsolete
after the war, reduced to reserve, and used as a training ship before
being sold for scrap in 1922.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:


Trần Thánh Tông, the second emperor of Vietnam’s Trần
dynasty, took up the post of Retired Emperor, but continued to co-rule
with his son Trần Khâm for eleven more years.


The Shunzhi Emperor, the third emperor of the Qing dynasty, was
enthroned in Beijing after the collapse of the Ming dynasty as the first
Qing emperor to rule over China.


German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produced and detected
electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known today as X-ray
(first radiograph pictured).


Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke became the
first African American elected to the United States Senate since


A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb exploded during a
Remembrance Sunday ceremony in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, killing at
least eleven people and injuring sixty-three others.

Wiktionary’s word of the day:

1. A formalized choice on matters of administration or other democratic
2. An act or instance of participating in such a choice, e.g., by
submitting a ballot.
3. (obsolete) An ardent wish or desire; a vow; a prayer.

Wikiquote quote of the day:

  Mercy is a sweet gracious working in love, mingled with plenteous
pity: for mercy worketh in keeping us, and mercy worketh turning to us
all things to good. Mercy, by love, suffereth us to fail in measure and
in as much as we fail, in so much we fall; and in as much as we fall, in
so much we die: for it needs must be that we die in so much as we fail
of the sight and feeling of God that is our life. Our failing is
dreadful, our falling is shameful, and our dying is sorrowful: but in
all this the sweet eye of pity and love is lifted never off us, nor the
working of mercy ceaseth. For I beheld the property of mercy, and I
beheld the property of grace: which have two manners of working in one
–Julian of Norwich

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