The Rogue River in southwestern Oregon in the United States flows 215
miles (346 km) generally westward, from the Cascade Range to the
Pacific Ocean. With salmon runs, whitewater rafting, and rugged scenery,
it was one of the original eight rivers designated for protection by the
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act of 1968. Beginning near Crater Lake, which
occupies the caldera left by the explosive volcanic eruption of Mount
Mazama, the river flows through the geologically young High Cascades,
the older Western Cascades, and the ancient Klamath Mountains. The
Kalmiopsis Wilderness section of the Rogue basin contains peridotite
rocks from the Earth’s mantle. Near the mouth of the river, dinosaur
fragments were found in the Otter Point Formation. European explorers
made first contact with local Native Americans toward the end of the
18th century and began beaver trapping. Clashes between the natives and
the trappers and later between the natives and European-American miners
and settlers culminated with the Rogue River Wars of 1855 and 1856.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
A 7.9 Mw earthquake ruptured part of the San Andreas Fault in
California and was felt as far east as Las Vegas.
Ernest Shackleton, leading the Nimrod Expedition, planted the
British flag 97 nautical miles (180 km) from the South Pole, the
furthest south anyone had ever reached at that time.
First World War: Troops of the British Empire defeated Ottoman
forces at the Battle of Rafa on the Sinai–Palestine border in present-
Seawise University, formerly RMS Queen Elizabeth, an ocean
liner that sailed the Atlantic for the Cunard White Star Line, was
destroyed by fire in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.
In poor weather conditions, Iran Air Flight 277 crashed near
Urmia Airport, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran, killing at least 77.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Relativism is not indifference; on the contrary, passionate
indifference is necessary in order for you not to hear the voices that
oppose your absolute decrees. … Relativism is neither a method of
fighting, nor a method of creating, for both of these are uncompromising
and at times even ruthless; rather, it is a method of cognition. If one
must fight or create, it is necessary that this be preceded by the
broadest possible knowledge … One of the worst muddles of this age is
its confusing of the ideas behind combative and cognitive activity.
Cognition is not fighting, but once someone knows a lot, he will have
much to fight for, so much that he will be called a relativist because
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