[Daily article] January 22: Lockheed C-130 Hercules in Australian service

In Australian service, Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport aircraft have
been operated by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). A total of
forty-eight of the aircraft have served the RAAF since 1958, when
No. 36 Squadron began replacing its Douglas C-47 Dakotas, and the
C-130J model is still in Australian service today. As the RAAF’s first
strategic airlifters, the aircraft have frequently been used to deliver
disaster relief in Australia and the Pacific region, as well as to
support military deployments overseas. They saw extensive service during
the Vietnam War, transporting troops and cargo to South East Asia and
undertaking aeromedical evacuation. Nineteen of the RAAF’s fleet of
twenty-four C-130s took part in relief efforts in 1974–75 after
Cyclone Tracy struck Darwin. Since then, the aircraft have been involved
in humanitarian missions to New Guinea, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Cambodia,
Bali, Sumatra, and New Zealand. They have also seen service during the
Iranian Revolution in 1979, the Fijian coups in 1987, operations in
Somalia in 1993, INTERFET operations in East Timor in 1999–2000, and
beginning in 2001, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Read more:

Today’s selected anniversaries:


Ottoman–Mamluk War: Ottoman forces defeated the Egyptian
Mamluk army in the Battle of Ridaniya and brought the severed head of
the last Mamluk sultan Tuman bay II into Cairo.


The Convention Parliament convened to justify the overthrow of
James II, the last Roman Catholic King of England, who had vacated the
throne when he fled to France in 1688.


The SS Valencia was wrecked off the coast of Vancouver Island,
British Columbia, Canada, in a location so treacherous it was known as
the Graveyard of the Pacific.


New York City police arrested George Metesky, better known as
the “Mad Bomber”, for planting over 30 bombs over 16 years throughout
the city.


Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev survived an assassination
attempt, an incident that was not revealed to the public until after the
fall of the Soviet Union.

Wiktionary’s word of the day:

1. (pharmacy) The study of the dosages of drugs, especially the
determination of appropriate dosages.
2. (mathematics, historical, rare) In the works of English philosopher
Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832): the study of quantity; mathematics.

Wikiquote quote of the day:

  Men must know that in this theater of Man’s life it is reserved
only for God and Angels to be lookers on.  
–Francis Bacon

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