[Daily article] January 26: Ferugliotheriidae

Ferugliotheriidae is one of three known families in the order
Gondwanatheria, an enigmatic group of extinct mammals. Ferugliotheriids
coexisted with dinosaurs, mainly during the Late Cretaceous epoch
(84–66 million years ago) in Argentina, where they may have lived in a
marshy or seashore environment. Genera in the family, including
Trapalcotherium and Argentodites, are known from isolated low-crowned
teeth and possibly a fragment of a lower jaw. The best-known
representative of the family is Ferugliotherium windhauseni, a small
mammal, around 70 g (2.5 oz), which may have eaten insects and plants.
Ferugliotheriid incisors are long and procumbent and contain a band of
enamel on only part of the tooth. The jaw fragment contains a long tooth
socket for the incisor and bears a bladelike fourth lower premolar,
resembling those of multituberculates. Low-crowned and bladelike teeth
as seen in ferugliotheriids may have been evolutionary precursors of the
high-crowned teeth of the family Sudamericidae.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:

1564:

Livonian War: A Lithuanian surprise attack resulted in a
decisive defeat of the numerically superior Russian forces.

1808:

Governor of New South Wales William Bligh was deposed by the
New South Wales Corps in the only successful armed takeover of
government in Australia’s recorded history.

1905:

The Cullinan Diamond, the largest gem-quality rough diamond
ever found at 3,106.75 carats (621.350 g), was discovered at the
Premier Mine in Cullinan, Gauteng, South Africa.

1950:

Indian independence movement: India officially became a
republic under a new constitution, with Rajendra Prasad as its first
president.

2009:

Rioting broke out in Antananarivo, Madagascar, sparking a
political crisis that led to the deposal of President Marc Ravalomanana.

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Wiktionary’s word of the day:

mallee:
1. (Australia) A type of scrubland with low-growing thick eucalypts,
characteristic of certain parts of Australia.
2. (Australia) Any semi-desert region of Australia where such scrub is the
predominant vegetation.
3. (Australia) Any of several low-growing eucalypts characteristic of such
scrubland, especially Eucalyptus dumosa, Eucalyptus oleosa, and
Eucalyptus socialis.
4. (botany, Australia) The growth habit of certain eucalypt species that
grow with multiple stems springing from an underground lignotuber,
shared by species of related genera.

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Wikiquote quote of the day:

  Whatever it is, it’s OK because it’s what it is. Don’t be
looking for perfection. Don’t be short-tempered with yourself. And
you’ll be a whole lot nicer to be around with everyone else.  
–Mary Tyler Moore

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