[Daily article] March 7: SMS Nassau

SMS Nassau was the first dreadnought battleship built for the Imperial
German Navy, in response to the launching of the British battleship
HMS Dreadnought. Nassau was laid down in 1907 at the Imperial Shipyard
in Wilhelmshaven and launched on 7 March 1908. Three more battleships
followed in the same class: Posen, Rheinland, and Westfalen. Assigned to
the First Battle Squadron of the German High Seas Fleet, Nassau saw
service in the North Sea in the beginning of World War I. In August 1915
the ship engaged the Russian battleship Slava in the Battle of the Gulf
of Riga in the eastern Baltic Sea. Nassau took part in the Battle of
Jutland on 31 May and 1 June 1916, suffering a total of 11 killed and
16 injured. After World War I, the bulk of the High Seas Fleet was
interned in Scapa Flow, but the Nassau-class ships, the oldest German
dreadnoughts, were initially permitted to remain in German ports. After
the German fleet was scuttled, Nassau and her sister ships were
surrendered to the victorious powers as replacements for the sunken
ships. Nassau was ceded to Japan, then sold to a British wrecking firm
for scrapping.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:


A peace treaty brought the Ottoman–Venetian War to an end,
transferring Cyprus from Venetian hands to Ottoman control.


American Civil War: Union forces engaged Confederate troops in
Pea Ridge, Arkansas, fighting to a victory one day later that
essentially cemented their control in Missouri.


José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco, became Prime Minister
of the Empire of Brazil, starting a four-year rule, the longest in the
state’s history.


World War II: At the beginning of the Battle of Remagen, Allied
forces unexpectedly seized the Ludendorff Bridge, possibly hastening the
war’s conclusion.


The charity single “We Are the World” by the supergroup United
Support of Artists for Africa was released, and would go on to sell more
than 20 million copies.

Wiktionary’s word of the day:

Probing introspection; a critical consideration of one’s conscience;
also, an instance of such consideration.

Wikiquote quote of the day:

  Man, when perfected, is the best of animals, but when separated
from law and justice, he is the worst of all.  

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