[Daily article] April 21: SMS Kaiser Barbarossa

SMS Kaiser Barbarossa (His Majesty’s Ship Emperor Barbarossa) was a
German pre-dreadnought battleship of the Kaiser Friedrich III class.
Built at Schichau in Danzig under Kaiser Wilhelm II’s program of naval
expansion, the battleship was laid down in 1898, launched on 21 April
1900, and commissioned the next year at a cost of 20,301,000 Marks.
Armed with a main battery of four 24-centimeter (9.4 in) guns in two
twin gun turrets, the ship had an active career in the Imperial Navy,
apart from two lengthy stays in dry dock, until being decommissioned in
1909. Following the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, she and her
sister ships were mobilized as coastal defense ships and assigned to the
North and Baltic seas, but saw no combat during the war. They were
withdrawn from active duty the next year and relegated to secondary
duties. Kaiser Barbarossa was decommissioned after the war and broken up
in 1919 and 1920.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:


A debt was pardoned by the Datu of Tondo on the island of Luzon,
as inscribed on the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known
written document found in the Philippines.


Twelve thousand Wahhabis from the first Saudi State invaded the
city of Karbala, killed several thousand inhabitants, and sacked the


After the Ottoman Empire exiled him from Baghdad,
Bahá’u’lláh, the founder of the Bahá’í Faith, began his twelve-day
stay in the Garden of Ridván where he declared his mission as “He whom
God shall make manifest”.


Manfred von Richthofen, known as the “Red Baron”, was shot down
and killed near Vaux-sur-Somme in France, after a career as the most
successful fighter pilot of First World War with 80 confirmed air combat


The Century 21 Exposition, the first world’s fair in the United
States since World War II, opened in Seattle.

Wiktionary’s word of the day:

(India (Anglo-Indian), Australia, colloquial) A camel.

Wikiquote quote of the day:

  It is not violence that best overcomes hate — nor vengeance that
most certainly heals injury. … Read the New Testament, and observe
what Christ says, and how he acts — make his word your rule, and his
conduct your example. … Love your enemies; bless them that curse you;
do good to them that hate you and despitefully use you.  
–Charlotte Brontë

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