[Daily article] June 23: June 1941 uprising in eastern Herzegovina

The uprising in eastern Herzegovina on 23 June 1941 was a Serb rebellion
against the authorities of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), an
Axis puppet state established during World War II on the territory of
the defeated Kingdom of Yugoslavia. As the NDH imposed its authority,
members of the fascist Ustaše ruling party had begun a campaign of
persecution against Serbs throughout the country. In eastern
Herzegovina, the Ustaše perpetrated a series of massacres and attacks
against the majority Serb population commencing in the first week of
June, igniting a series of spontaneous clashes between the NDH
authorities and groups of Serbs. On 23 June, the day after the start of
the German invasion of the Soviet Union, sporadic revolts erupted into
mass rebellion, triggered by Ustaše persecution, Serb solidarity with
the Russian people, hatred and fear of the NDH authorities, and other
factors. The Italians intervened after several setbacks for the NDH
forces, who regained full control of all towns and transport routes by 7
July.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:

1757:

Seven Years’ War: British forces under Robert Clive defeated
troops under Siraj ud-Daulah at the Battle of Plassey, allowing the
British East India Company to annex Bengal.

1858:

Edgardo Mortara, a six-year-old Jewish boy, was seized by papal
authorities and taken to be raised as a Roman Catholic, sparking an
international controversy.

1887:

The Parliament of Canada passed the Rocky Mountains Park Act,
creating Banff National Park (Lake Louise pictured) as the country’s
first national park.

1956:

Gamal Abdel Nasser became President of Egypt, a post he held
until his death in 1970.

2014:

Under the terms of UN Security Council Resolution 2118, the
last of Syria’s declared chemical weapons were shipped out for
destruction.

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Wiktionary’s word of the day:

linocut:
(art, printing) A type of woodcut in which a block of linoleum is used
for the relief surface; the design cut into the block.

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Wikiquote quote of the day:

  I don’t actually have anything against anybody, unless their
belief precludes everybody else’s. … I am an atheist and an absurdist
and I have been for many years. I’ve actually taken a huge amount of
flack for that.  
–Joss Whedon

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