Cleopatra Selene (died 69 BC) was a queen of Seleucid Syria (83–69
BC). The daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III of Egypt, she became
the queen of Egypt in 115 BC when she was married to her brother, King
Ptolemy IX, and later probably married King Ptolemy X. In 103 BC,
Cleopatra III established an alliance with the Seleucid ruler Antiochus
VIII; Cleopatra Selene was sent to be his bride, and stayed with him
until his assassination in 96 BC. The widowed queen married her previous
husband’s brother, Antiochus IX, who died in 95 BC. She then married her
stepson, Antiochus X, who probably died in 92 BC. She hid somewhere in
Syria with her children until 83 BC, when the Seleucid thrones in
Antioch and Damascus became vacant. Declaring her son Antiochus XIII
king, she ruled alongside him, according to depictions on coins from the
period. She was ousted when the people of Antioch and Damascus,
exhausted by the Seleucids’ civil wars, invited foreign monarchs as
their new rulers. She then controlled several coastal towns until she
was besieged, captured and executed in 69 BC by Tigranes in Ptolemais.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
Wesley College, one of the largest schools in Australia by
enrolment, was established in Melbourne.
Welsh physician William Price was arrested for attempting to
cremate his deceased infant son; he was acquitted in the subsequent
trial, which led to the legalisation of cremation in the United Kingdom.
World War II: As part of Operation Iskra, the Soviet Red Army
eased the Siege of Leningrad, opening a narrow land corridor to the
African Canadian Willie O’Ree of the Boston Bruins played his
first game in the National Hockey League, breaking the colour barrier in
professional ice hockey.
Thirty years after his death, the International Olympic
Committee presented commemorative medals to the family of American
athlete Jim Thorpe, who had had his gold medals stripped for playing
semi-professional baseball before the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
Able to be broken; breakable, fragile.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
I can’t find a word to say to you I can’t comprehend, I can’t
relate to you. Plain to see your faith for me Take me higher angel fire
Take me where I want to go Teach me things I need to know.
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