[Daily article] January 29: Baltimore railroad strike of 1877

In the Baltimore railroad strike of 1877, at least ten people were
killed and more than 150 were injured. The unrest in Baltimore,
Maryland, was part of a national railroad strike, following the global
depression and economic downturns of the mid-1870s. On July 16, when the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O;) scheduled 10 percent wage reductions,
strikes broke out. Violence erupted in Baltimore on July 20, and police
and soldiers of the Maryland National Guard clashed with crowds of
thousands gathered throughout the city. In response, President
Rutherford B. Hayes ordered federal troops to Baltimore, local officials
recruited as many as 500 additional police, and two new national guard
regiments were formed. Peace was restored two days later. Negotiations
between strikers and the B&O; were unsuccessful, and most strikers quit
rather than return to work at reduced wages. The company easily found
workers to replace the strikers, and rail traffic resumed on July 29
under the protection of the military and police.

Read more:

Today’s selected anniversaries:


American poet Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” (illustrated)
appeared in the The Evening Mirror, its first publication attributed to


Queen Victoria established the Victoria Cross, originally to
recognise acts of valour by British military personnel during the
Crimean War.


World War II: The Battle of Rennell Island, the last major
naval engagement between the United States Navy and the Imperial
Japanese Navy during the Guadalcanal Campaign, began.


The Battle of Khafji, the first major ground engagement of the
Gulf War, began with Iraq’s invasion of the Saudi Arabian city of


A lone gunman carried out a mass shooting at a mosque in Quebec
City, Canada, killing six people and injuring nineteen others.

Wiktionary’s word of the day:

Showing the signs of long-term stress; tired and haggard due to
prolonged worry.

Wikiquote quote of the day:

  We’re all undesirable elements from somebody’s point of view.
–Edward Abbey

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