Eight 250t-class torpedo boats were built by Stabilimento Tecnico
Triestino for the Austro-Hungarian Navy between 1913 and 1916 for
service in World War I. They were among 27 high-seas torpedo boats that
undertook anti-submarine operations in the Adriatic Sea, shore
bombardment missions along its Italian coastline, and convoy, and escort
and minesweeping tasks. Under the terms of the post-war Treaty of Saint-
Germain-en-Laye, the boats were surrendered to Romania, Portugal,
Greece, and the newly created Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(later Yugoslavia). By 1940, 13 torpedo boats had been lost or scrapped.
During World War II, the five remaining Greek boats were sunk by Axis
aircraft during the German-led invasion of Greece in April 1941. The two
Romanian boats that survived the war performed escort tasks in the Black
Sea before being taken over by the Soviet Navy for service in the Black
Sea Fleet. The six surviving Yugoslav boats were captured by the
Italians during the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, and were
operated by the Italian navy in coastal and second-line escort roles.
The last of the Yugoslav boats was withdrawn from service in 1962.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
Fourteen-year-old Edward III became King of England, but the
country was ruled by his mother, Queen Isabella, and her lover, Roger
The Teutonic Knights succeeded in their siege of a fortress in
Samogitia, Lithuania, and baptized the defenders in the Catholic rite.
Photographer Eddie Adams took his Pulitzer Prize-winning
photograph of the summary execution of Viet Cong prisoner Nguyễn Văn
Lém, which helped build opposition to the Vietnam War.
After having served 42 days in prison for the sexual assault of
a 13-year-old girl, Polish film director Roman Polanski fled the United
States before the formal sentencing hearing.
The Shard, located in Southwark, London, and the tallest
building in the European Union, opened to the public.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
(informal, neologism) A person who creates audiovisual material designed
to induce an autonomous sensory meridian response (ASMR; a claimed
biological phenomenon involving a pleasurable tingling in response to a
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Revolution is everywhere, in everything. It is infinite. There is
no final revolution, no final number. The social revolution is only one
of an infinite number of numbers: the law of revolution is not a social
law, but an immeasurably greater one. It is a cosmic, universal law —
like the laws of the conservation of energy and of the dissipation of
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