[Daily article] March 11: Douglas MacArthur’s escape from the Philippines

Douglas MacArthur’s escape from the Philippines during World War II
began on 11 March 1942, after U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
ordered him to withdraw. MacArthur left Corregidor Island and traveled
in PT boats with his forces through stormy seas patrolled by Japanese
warships, reaching Mindanao two days later. Arriving in Australia, he
declared, “I came through and I shall return”. MacArthur, a well-known
general who had a distinguished record in World War I, had retired from
the army in 1937 to become a defense advisor to the Philippine
government. He was recalled to active duty in July 1941, a few months
before the outbreak of the Pacific War with the Empire of Japan, to
become commander of the U.S. Army Forces in the Far East, which included
Philippine forces. By March 1942, the Japanese invasion of the
Philippines had compelled him to withdraw his forces on Luzon to Bataan.
The doomed defense of Bataan captured the imagination of the American
public, and MacArthur became a living symbol of Allied resistance to the
Japanese, at a time when the news from all fronts was uniformly bad.

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Today’s selected anniversaries:


Disgusted with Roman emperor Elagabalus’s disregard for Roman
religious traditions and sexual taboos, the Praetorian Guard
assassinated him and his mother and threw their mutilated bodies in the


During a period of activity known as the Great Eruption, Eta
Carinae briefly became the second brightest star in the night sky.


Indonesian President Sukarno signed the Presidential Order
Supersemar, giving General of the Army Suharto the authority to restore
order during the recent mass killings.


After hijacking a bus north of Tel Aviv, members of Palestine
Liberation Organization faction Fatah engaged in a shootout with the
Israel Police, resulting in the deaths of 38 civilians and most of the


Janet Reno was confirmed by the Senate as the first female
United States Attorney General.

Wiktionary’s word of the day:

dot matrix:
1. (computing) A two-dimensional array or pattern of dots used (for
example, by a display device or a printer) to represent alphanumeric
characters and pictures.
2. (computing) Clipping of dot matrix printer.

Wikiquote quote of the day:

  Advances in science when put to practical use mean more jobs,
higher wages, shorter hours, more abundant crops, more leisure for
recreation, for study, for learning how to live without the deadening
drudgery which has been the burden of the common man for ages past.
Advances in science will also bring higher standards of living, will
lead to the prevention or cure of diseases, will promote conservation of
our limited national resources, and will assure means of defense against
aggression. But to achieve these objectives — to secure a high level
of employment, to maintain a position of world leadership — the flow
of new scientific knowledge must be both continuous and substantial.
–Vannevar Bush

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