Thomas R. Marshall (March 14, 1854 – June 1, 1925) was a Democratic
politician who served as the 28th Vice President of the United States
from 1913 to 1921. As the 27th Governor of Indiana, he proposed a new,
controversial state constitution and pressed for other Progressive Era
reforms. His popularity as governor, and Indiana’s status as a critical
swing state, helped him secure the vice presidential nomination on a
ticket with Woodrow Wilson in 1912 and win the general election. During
World War I, after a small number of anti-war senators kept the Senate
deadlocked by refusing to end debate, Marshall led the body to adopt its
first rule allowing filibusters to be ended by a two-thirds majority
vote. After a stroke incapacitated Wilson in October 1919, many cabinet
officials and Congressional leaders urged Marshall to become acting
president, but he refused to forcibly assume the presidency for fear of
setting a precedent. Well known for his wit and sense of humor, he once
quipped during a Senate debate, “What this country needs is a really
good five-cent cigar”.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
Queen of Cyprus Catherine Cornaro was forced to abdicate and
sell the administration of the island to the Republic of Venice.
The Mikado, Gilbert and Sullivan’s most frequently performed
Savoy opera, debuted at the Savoy Theatre in London.
Oil prospectors in Kern County, California, drilled into a
pressurized oil deposit, resulting in the largest accidental oil spill
Israeli–Lebanese conflict: The Israel Defense Forces began
Operation Litani, invading and occupying southern Lebanon, and pushing
PLO troops north up to the Litani River.
China defeated Vietnam in a naval battle as the former
attempted to establish oceanographic observation posts on the Spratly
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
March 14th, an annual celebration of the mathematical constant π (pi).
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The world is in greater peril from those who tolerate or encourage
evil than from those who actually commit it.
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