Ferugliotherium was a mammal of the Late Cretaceous, around 70 million
years ago. The genus was first described in 1986 but misidentified as a
member of Multituberculata, an extinct group of rodent-like mammals, on
the basis of a single tooth, a low-crowned molar. It is thought to have
had a small body mass, about 70 g (2.5 oz), and may have eaten insects
and plant material. Its remains have been found in two geological
formations of present-day southern Argentina, as part of a mammal fauna
that included the sudamericid Gondwanatherium and a variety of
dryolestoids. The upper and lower incisors were long and rodent-like,
with enamel on only one side of the crown. A fragment of the lower jaw
shows that the tooth socket of the lower incisor was very long. Although
Ferugliotherium had much lower-crowned teeth than the sudamericids, they
shared the same backward jaw movement during chewing and essentially
similar patterns in their incisors and on the chewing surface of their
molar-like teeth, with small enamel prisms.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
Dictator Julius Caesar of the Roman Republic was stabbed to
death by Marcus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators.
Archbishop of New York John McCloskey was named the first
cardinal in the United States.
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia was forced to abdicate in the
February Revolution, ending three centuries of Romanov rule.
World War II: German forces recaptured Kharkov after four days
of house-to-house fighting against Soviet troops, ending the month-long
Third Battle of Kharkov.
Iraqi authorities hanged freelance Iranian reporter Farzad
Bazoft for spying for Israel.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
shock and awe:
(military, also figuratively) A doctrine based on the use of spectacular
displays of force.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Life would be tragic if it weren’t funny. … My expectations were
reduced to zero when I was 21. Everything since then has been a bonus.
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