Hurricane Marie is tied as the seventh-most intense Pacific hurricane on
record, attaining a barometric pressure of 918 mbar (hPa; 27.11 inHg)
in August 2014. At its peak, the hurricane’s gale-force winds spanned
an area 575 miles (925 km) across. Although its center remained well
away from land, its large size created dangerous surf from Southwestern
Mexico to southern California. Off the coast of Los Cabos, three people
drowned after their boat capsized in rough seas. In Colima and Oaxaca,
heavy rains and flooding from outer bands caused two fatalities. Toward
the end of August, swells of 10 to 15 ft (3.0 to 4.6 m), the largest
seen from a hurricane in decades, battered coastlines in southern
California, with structural damage on Santa Catalina Island and in the
Greater Los Angeles Area. A breakwater near Long Beach sustained
$10 million worth of damage, with portions gouged out. One person
drowned in the surf near Malibu. Hundreds of ocean rescues, including
over 100 in Malibu alone, were attributed to the storm, and overall
losses reached $20 million.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
Samoset, a member of the Abenaki tribe, strolled into Plymouth
Colony and greeted the Pilgrims in English (pictured).
The Royal Welch Fusiliers, one of the oldest line infantry
regiments of the British Army, was founded.
Finnish Civil War: The Whites were victorious in the Battle of
Länkipohja, after which they executed at least 70 Reds.
Using pistols and grenades, loyalist Michael Stone attacked the
funeral of three Provisional IRA members who had been killed in
Gibraltar ten days earlier, killing three attendees and injuring at
least sixty others.
Annexation of Crimea: The Autonomous Republic of Crimea held a
controversial referendum where voters overwhelmingly chose to join
Russia as a federal subject.
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
(intransitive) To look or stare with anger.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to
be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other.
War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes; and
armies, and debts, and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the
many under the domination of the few. In war, too, the discretionary
power of the Executive is extended; its influence in dealing out
offices, honors, and emoluments is multiplied; and all the means of
seducing the minds, are added to those of subduing the force, of the
people. The same malignant aspect in republicanism may be traced in the
inequality of fortunes, and the opportunities of fraud, growing out of a
state of war, and in the degeneracy of manners and of morals engendered
by both. No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual
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