Hurricane Carmen was the most intense tropical cyclone of the 1974
Atlantic hurricane season. A destructive and widespread storm, Carmen
originated as a tropical disturbance that traveled westward from Africa,
spawning a tropical depression east of the Lesser Antilles on
August 29. Moving through the Caribbean Sea, it quickly strengthened to
a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale, and
made landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula. It turned north into the Gulf
of Mexico, re-intensified, and made a second landfall in the marshland
of southern Louisiana, dissipating over eastern Texas on September 10.
Tropical cyclone watches and warnings had been issued for the storm, and
around 100,000 residents left their homes and sought shelter. Damage was
lighter than first feared, but the sugar industry suffered substantial
losses. The hurricane killed 8 people and caused damage valued at
$162 million. The name Carmen was retired from the list of Atlantic
tropical cyclone names in 1975.
Today’s selected anniversaries:
Nkuwu Nzinga of the Kingdom of Kongo was baptised as João I by
The Benty Grange helmet, a boar-crested Anglo-Saxon helmet
similar to those in Beowulf, was discovered in Derbyshire, England.
Raja Harishchandra, the first full-length Indian feature film,
Relying on the 11th Soviet Red Army operating in neighboring
Azerbaijan, Bolsheviks attempted to stage a coup d’etat in Georgia.
A Doppler on Wheels team measured the fastest winds recorded on
Earth (301 ±20 mph, or 484 ±32 km/h) in a tornado near Bridge Creek,
Wiktionary’s word of the day:
1. In passing, by the way, incidentally.
2. (chess) Of a player’s pawn when it has moved forward two squares on its
first move in the game: captured “in passing” by the other player’s
pawn, as if the first player’s pawn had only moved forward one square.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
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